The International Initiative for Development of Article 6 Methodology Tools (II-AMT) is an international expert-led process to enable the alignment of approved Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) baseline and monitoring methodologies with rules and principles for collaboration under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Experts from all continents will bring different perspectives from their knowledge of climate policies and practices in key regions combined with long-standing expertise in CDM methodologies. The group of experts will develop specific ‘Article 6 methodology tools’ reflecting the principles and approaches of Article 6. The tools can be added to existing baseline and monitoring methodologies in a modular fashion. This will support the rapid operationalisation of market-based cooperation under Article 6. Article 6 methodologies then do not need to be developed “from scratch”, which would take many years and would require significant financial and human resources.
The International Initiative for Development of Article 6 Methodology Tools (II-AMT) is currently in its conceptualisation phase that runs from January to April 2022.
Background & Rationale
The decision accompanying the Paris Agreement (PA) states that international cooperation under Article 6.2 and 6.4 of the Paris Agreement should build on the experiences gained through the Kyoto Mechanisms, including the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Current CDM baseline and monitoring methodologies are seen by many observers as unable to reflect new principles and requirements for robust market-based collaboration as per Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. As CDM methodologies were developed under the context of the Kyoto Protocol, they do not consider host country Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) targets, nor consider all existing or planned mitigation policies, and they do not ensure consistency of mitigation action with the long-term goal of the Paris Agreement. But discarding the several hundred CDM methodologies needs to be prevented. Even if the funding necessary for development of new Article 6 methodologies could be harnessed, the time required would lead to a gap in implementation of activities under Article 6. This would be detrimental for the implementation of NDCs and undermine the ambition increase urgently required under the Paris Agreement.
What we do
Perspectives Climate Research convenes an international team of leading baseline and monitoring methodology experts from different regions to develop a set of “Article 6 methodology tools”. These tools complement existing, approved CDM methodologies. In the ongoing conceptualisation phase, the concept notes for these tools are elaborated before the actual tools will be developed. The tools will then be available for governments and other actors involved in Article 6 activities. Over time, they will be revised based on experiences and lessons learned.
The Article 6 methodology tools will provide practical guidance on how to:
➢ Determine the additionality of Article 6 activities
➢ Set a robust crediting baseline
➢ Monitor, report and verify (MRV) emissions and emission reductions
➢ Identify and report on contributions to the host country NDC and long-term strategy
The tools will be applicable to activities at the project or programme level.
The international team of experts includes:
The concept phase of the II-AMT ran from January to April 2022. During that time, the team of international experts developed concept notes for methodology tools on determining additionality, setting baselines and monitoring, reporting and verification. All tools include aspects related to assessing the activities’ links to countries’ nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and long-term low emission development strategies (LT-LEDS). The experts developed a guidance note on this issue, summarising and justifying the methodological choices that relate to NDCs and LT-LEDS. The concept notes were discussed with an advisory group of international experts and their feedback was considered in the finalisation round.
The development phase of the II-AMT is set to start in May 2022 and will lead to the development of the three methodological tools, the NDC guidance note as well as a chapeau document on the outputs of the Initiative. Over the course of the development phase, the team of international experts will actively seek dialogue with and inputs from further experts, activity developers and government representatives through workshops and meetings. In this regard, Perspectives developed a detailed work plan for the development phase.
Swedish Energy Agency, IGES - Insitute for Global Envoironmental Strategies, Japan Ministry of the Environment, African Development Bank Group
If you are interested in upcoming events and workshops, please contact Aglaja Espelage.
II-AMT (2022): TOOL01 - Tool for the demonstration and assessment of additionality: Concept Note. Version April 2022, Perspectives Climate Research, Freiburg
II-AMT (2022): TOOL02 - Tool for robust baseline setting: Concept Note. Version April 2022, Perspectives Climate Research, Freiburg
II-AMT (2022): TOOL03 – Tool for monitoring, reporting and verification of emissions and emission reductions: Concept Note. Version April 2022, Perspectives Climate Research, Freiburg
II-AMT (2022): GUIDE01 - Guidance for contributions to host country NDC and long-term strategies and goals: Concept Note. Version April 2022, Perspectives Climate Research, Freiburg
Development of “Article 6 tools”
Establishing an international expert-led process to make existing baseline and monitoring methodologies fit for Article 6
Discussion paper, Version n°2 of 07.09.2021